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Showing posts with label MAC tips. Show all posts
Showing posts with label MAC tips. Show all posts

Tuesday, May 3, 2016

How to Add & Switch Languages in Mac OS X

Add a new language to Mac OS X
Nearly all Mac users run OS X in their primary language and mother tongue, but for polyglots and those aiming to be bilingual or trilingual, adding multiple new languages to Mac OS X can have obvious benefits. We’ll show you how to add a new language and how to change to that new language, which will impact how things appear and read on the Mac.
Adding a new language doesn’t remove the prior language, it becomes an additional option. In fact, you’ll have the ability to easily switch between the languages and set one or the other as a primary language at any time, and change between them as needed. Something else to keep in mind is that when you switch the language on a Mac, many things change with it, from menu items, to date format, measurements, and assorted other items through the system – these can all be adjusted individually if desired, but for our purposes in this tutorial we’re going to focus on adding and changing the language in Mac OS X.

How to Add & Change to a New Language to Mac OS X

You can add as many languages as you want, but in this walkthrough we’ll focus on just adding a second new language and changing to that as the new language default.
  1. From the  Apple menu visit “System Preferences”
  2. Choose “Language & Region” preference panel
  3. add a language to the Mac
  4. Under the ‘Preferred languages’ section, click on the plus [+] button
  5. add new languages to the Mac
  6. Navigate to and select the language you want to add, then click on the Add button
  7. choose the language to add to the Mac
  8. Decide whether you want to use the newly added language as your primary language, or to continue using the original language as the primary language
  9. use the new language as primary or secondary
That’s all there is to it, easy enough. If you set the new language as your primary language, menu items will refresh, but if you want everything to switch over to your new language choice then you should log out or reboot the Mac so that applications refresh to the new language selection as well.
Changed the language on a Mac
If you are actually going to use the secondary language full time or you are aiming to improve your proficiency, learning the keystrokes to change the keyboard language can be very advantageous, and adding an accompanying voice to the Mac can be beneficial as well.
By the way, if you’re looking to add multiple new languages that you can switch from, use the typical multiple-selection tools in Mac OS X to choose a few at a time. For example, holding down the Command key and clicking selections allows you to pick two noncontiguous language selections to add:
Add multiple new languages to Mac OS X to change to
While this is primarily aimed at those who speak and read multiple languages to begin with, it can also be very useful for people looking to improve their fluency in another language. For example, I have a friend who is becoming conversationally fluent in Spanish, and adding (and switching between) the language to daily computing use has further helped along that process.
You may also find it useful to add and change languages on iOS too if you’re an iPhone or iPad user.

 Source Url and Image: How to Add & Switch Languages in Mac OS X
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How to Hide Glances on Apple Watch

Glances on Apple Watch
Apple Watch includes a variety of default glances, including a battery monitor, heart rate monitor, a calendar, a media playback adjuster, stocks, maps, a world map, amongst others. Additionally, many of the apps installed onto Apple Watch include a Glance feature with them, which allows users to quickly see a glimpse of what that app offers without having to open the app itself. While some of these glances are helpful and useful, some aren’t, and if you install a fair amount of third party apps onto the Apple Watch you’ll quickly find the Glances screen to be busy.

A simple solution is to hide and disable Glances that you do not use or do not find useful on the Apple Watch, this is done quickly in settings.

Removing Unnecessary Glances on Apple Watch

  1. Open the Apple Watch app on the paired iPhone and go to ‘My Watch’
  2. Choose ‘Glances’, then tap on the red (-) minus button alongside the glance name that you wish to hide and no longer show on the Apple Watch Glances screen
  3. Repeat to adjust others as desired
  4. Exit out of the Apple Watch app on iPhone when finished
Hide Glances on Apple Watch
The changes take effect immediately on the paired Apple Watch. In the screen shot example, the Instagram and Twitter glances were not included on the Apple Watch Glances screen, but the apps themselves remain installed on the Apple Watch.
Returning a Glance back to the Glances screen on Apple Watch is just as easy, you simply need to return to the Glances settings section of the Apple Watch app, then tap on the green (+) plus button alongside a glance that you wish to re-enable again.

Source Url and Image: How to Hide Glances on Apple Watch
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How to Secure Erase Free Space on Mac Drives with OS X El Capitan

Erase free space on a Mac drive from the command line
Many Mac users running a modern version of OS X El Capitan have noticed the Secure Erase Free Space feature has gone missing from Disk Utility. What the “Erase Free Space” feature did (and still does in prior versions of Mac OS X) was overwrite the free space on a drive to prevent file recovery, adding a layer of security and privacy to file removal, much in the way that Secure Empty Trash performed a similar function of overwriting data after removal.

For those wondering, these features were removed from the modern version of Disk Utility in Mac OS X because they do not work on SSD volumes, which are becoming more commonplace and nearly all Mac laptops ship with them by default now. But not everyone has an SSD drive, and thus some users may still wish to perform a secure erase of free space on their Mac hard disk. To achieve the same secure erase in modern versions of Mac OS X you’ll need to turn to the command line. And yes, this works to erase free space on older versions of Mac OS X too, but since they can do the same task with Disk Utility it’s perhaps a bit less relevant to the prior releases.

This is for advanced Mac users only who are comfortable with backing up their Mac, using the command line with exact syntax, and the concepts behind permanently removing data. To be perfectly clear, this secure erases only the free space on a drive, aimed at preventing file recovery efforts, it does not perform a secure erase of the entire hard drive as described here.

How to Secure Erase Free Space on Mac OS X El Capitan Drives via Command Line, Without Disk Utility

Back up your Mac before attempting to use these commands. The command line requires precise syntax and is unforgiving, improper commands could lead to the unintended removal of data you do not want to delete, permanently, as this is a secure erase function. You have been warned, so backup your Mac data first, then proceed at your own risk.
To get started, launch the Terminal (found in /Applications/Utilities/) and use the following general syntax, replacing level and drive name as appropriate:
diskutil secureErase freespace (level 0-4) /Volumes/(Drive Name)
(level 0-4) is a number indicating the number of passes to write to the free space, ‘freespace’ indicates you are erasing only the free space and not the entire drive itself – a critically important difference – and (Drive Name) is self explanatory. Users can also choose the disk identifier if desired. If you aren’t sure of the name of the drive, using diskutil list will show you all mounted drives and partitions. If the drive in question has a space in the name, you should place it in quotes or escape it with backslashes.
For example, to perform a secure erase with 35 passes on free space on a drive named “Macintosh HD” you could use the following command string:
diskutil secureErase freespace 3 "/Volumes/Macintosh HD"
Hitting return will instantly begin the secure erase of any free space. This is irreversible, so as we’ve mentioned a dozen times already, be sure the syntax is exact.
Secure erase free space on a Mac hard drive from the command line
The manual page entry on diskutil offers the following details on the secure erase feature, detailing the level of writing over free space.
secureErase [freespace] level device
Erase, using a secure method, either a whole-disk (including
any and all partitions), or, only the free space (not in use
for files) on a currently-mounted volume. Erasing a whole-
disk will leave it useless until it is partitioned again.
Erasing freespace on a volume will leave it exactly as it was
from an end-user perspective, with the exception that it will
not be possible to recover deleted files or data using utility
software. If you need to erase all contents of a partition
but not its hosting whole-disk, use the zeroDisk or randomDisk
verbs. Ownership of the affected disk is required.
Level should be one of the following:
o 0 – Single-pass zero-fill erase.
o 1 – Single-pass random-fill erase.
o 2 – US DoD 7-pass secure erase.
o 3 – Gutmann algorithm 35-pass secure erase.
o 4 – US DoE algorithm 3-pass secure erase.
That’s all there is to it, and this is how you can continue to erase free disk space on a Mac running OS X El Capitan or later with the newly limited Disk Utility. Another option is to use an old version of Disk Utility in modern versions of Mac OS X, either from a boot drive or recovery mode, of an older Mac OS release, or with the application itself, but that is generally not recommended.
And yes, this works on both standard hard disk drives with spinning platters, and modern SSD disks, though with an SSD drive the feature is less relevant as TRIM / garbage collection should handle the file removal on it’s own. For SSD volumes, a better option is to enable and use FileVault disk encryption on the Mac, which encrypts data on the drive making it unrecoverable without the FileVault key, thus obviating the need to securely erase free space on the volume.
Know of any other helpful secure data removal tips or tricks, or another way to securely erase your free disk space in modern versions of Mac OS X? Let us know in the comments.

Source Url and Image: How to Secure Erase Free Space on Mac Drives with OS X El Capitan
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3 of the Best Disk Space Analyzers for Mac OS X

Disk space storage analyzer apps for Mac
It’s often only a matter of time before Mac users wind up seeing the dreaded “startup disk almost full” warning message in Mac OS X, which often leads to a frantic dash around the Downloads folder as users trash unnecessary files to attempt to free up disk space. While there’s nothing wrong with going on a manual mission of tracking down where your disk storage vanished to, there are an entire category of disk space analyzer apps available which make the job easier, offering a visual experience that is quickly scannable and actionable.

We’ll cover three of the best and most popular disk space analysis tools available for the Mac, each of which is either free or offers a free trial version to give a good test run with.

A big thing to remember with using these disk analyzer apps is that if you shouldn’t delete anything without discretion, as they sweep the entire drive and inevitably display system files, system folders, and other necessary components of Mac OS X and apps, along with personal documents and accumulated cruft. It’s a good idea to back up the Mac with Time Machine before using these apps if you’re planning on performing some mass file removal, it’s always better to be safe than sorry and lose files or have to reinstall Mac OS X if you deleted critical system files willy-nilly.

DaisyDisk

DaisyDisk is by far the most attractive storage analysis utility, with a beautiful and intuitive interface that makes finding disk clutter a matter of navigating an interactive colorful wheel. In terms of visualization of your file data, DaisyDisk is superior to anything else available, and it’s also very fast.
DaisyDisk analyzes disk storage space on a Mac in a very attractive easy manner
The free version of DaisyDisk is highly functional and will sweep your drive and allow simple quick access to any files or folders found (right-click on anything and choose ‘Show in Finder’), and you could get away with just using the free version if you wanted to, but if you enjoy DaisyDisk enough and find it to be a helpful companion to your Mac experience, the full version is money well spent.

OmniDiskSweeper

OmniDiskSweeper is great and the interface is quite similar to using the Finder in Column view, making it very easy to navigate to large files and folders throughout the file system hierarchy. The files are shown in descending order by size, so it’s very easy to figure out what’s eating up storage space.
OmniDiskSweeper helps analyze and track down large files on a Mac
OmniDiskSweeper has long been one of my favorite free utilities available for the Mac, and I use it often for my own computer and when trying to figure out what’s eating the disk space of other Macs I may encounter. We have discussed using OmniDiskSweeper before here on multiple occasions, it’s a great tool.

Disk Inventory X

Disk Inventory X has been around on the Mac for quite some time, it is an oldie but goodie. Though the interface could use some updating, the functionality remains high and the app works great for discovering large blocks of data (for example, a gazillion photos or zip archives). Perhaps the only issue is that in modern versions of Mac OS X, files can be assigned to the app they open with rather than their file type, which may lead to some confusion. Nonetheless, Disk Inventory X is free too, so if you decide it’s not your cup of tea you’re out nothing but a few mb of bandwidth.
DiskInventoryX
A significant perk of DiskInventoryX having been around for ages is that it’s widely supported on much earlier versions of Mac OS X, so if you’re working on an older Mac with earlier system software, this may be the solution you’re looking for.

Bonus: The Finder!

If you don’t want to download any third party utilities, or perhaps you can’t for whatever reason, the Mac search function within the Finder is able to find large files in Mac OS X too. You’ll just need to set a minimum file size to look for, and away it goes.
Finding large file size files in Mac OS X search
The Finder search function works reasonably well for this purpose, but for many Mac users they will find one of the above third party utilities to be easier to quickly scan for large groups of files on a drive with.
Know of any other great utilities to analyze disk storage space and files on a Mac? Let us know in the comments!

Source Url and Image:  3 of the Best Disk Space Analyzers for Mac OS X
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Save Pictures Automatically from Facebook Messenger

Facebook Messenger
If you’re an avid Facebook Messenger user who sends a lot of pictures back and forth, you may appreciate having the app automatically save those photos and images directly to your iPhone, without having to manually do so yourself. With the help of a simple settings switch, you could do exactly that.

For this trick to work, the Facebook Messenger app needs access to the camera roll and iPhone Photos app, otherwise the feature can’t be enabled since it won’t have access to save pictures to the Photos app.

How to Automatically Save Photos from Facebook Messenger to iPhone

This will keep a copy of all Facebook Messenger pictures locally on the iPhone. The feature works the same on Android as well, but we’re obviously focusing on iOS here.
  1. Open Facebook Messenger, then click on the Settings gear icon
  2. Scroll down in Settings to find “Save Photos to Camera Roll” and flip the switch to the ON position
Save Photos to iPhone from Facebook Messenger automatically
Toggling this setting will save all photos from all conversations in Facebook Messenger automatically. You can confirm it’s working by returning to the Facebook Messenger app and having someone send you a picture, it will then appear in your Photos app Camera Roll automatically.
This prevents you from having to save pictures from Facebook manually using the tap-and-hold trick, which works the same in Facebook app as Facebook Messenger.
If you want to stop this behavior, simply return to the Facebook Messenger settings and switch “Save Photos to Camera Roll” to the OFF position.

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Where is the Option Key on Mac Keyboards?

Where is Option / ALT key on Apple keyboards
Using the Option key is an essential part of the Apple keyboard experience for issuing many keystrokes, accessing various hidden features, and a myriad of other functions on both Mac OS X and iOS. All Mac and Apple keyboards have the Option key, it’s just not always labeled as such, which is what offers confusion from time to time. It turns out that certain Apple keyboard layouts have the option key labeled as either a symbol, or as the alt key. This often differs per region and per keyboard, and sometimes even on the age of the hardware itself, but regardless of how they look, every Apple and Mac keyboard includes the option and alt key, including any MacBook, Apple external keyboard, Smart Keyboard for iPad, or other hardware keyboards from Apple.
Below is where you can find the OPTION / ALT key on the major Apple keyboards you are likely to encounter. And yes, in case it wasn’t evident; the OPTION key is the ALT key, which is also represented by the funny looking symbol ⌥ on Apple and Mac keyboards.
The Option / ALT Key on European and UK keyboards actually looks pretty similar to Japanese keyboard layouts and many others:
Option ALT key location on Apple Euro and UK keyboards
Option / ALT Key on US & North American keyboards
Option ALT key location on Apple US keyboards
Option / ALT key on iPad Smart Keyboards:
The Option and ALT Keys on Smart Keyboard

The Option / ALT Key Symbol is “⌥”

This is what the option and alt key symbol looks like, it’s kind of like a backslash with a flag coming off of it. It’s admittedly not very obvious, which is perhaps why Apple has been spelling out alt / option on modern keyboards for many markets.
The Option ALT key symbol on Apple and Mac keyboards

Remember: the Option / ALT key is always between the control key and the command key on Apple & Mac Keyboards

That means on new Mac keyboards you’ll have “Control ^” followed by “ALT / option ⌥” followed by “Command ⌘ ”
The lack of a clearly (and consistently) labeled ‘option’ key puzzled a friend of mine recently who bought a MacBook Pro with a European keyboard layout, and that had a Japanese external Mac keyboard included. Of course those keyboards work with other languages too, but the keys can be labeled differently. In those situations, the Option key is labeled as ALT and the strange looking symbol, it is not clearly labeled as ‘option’ as it is on modern Mac keyboards from the US and many other countries. This isn’t totally unusual however, as long time Mac and Apple users will undoubtedly recall that earlier versions of the Apple Keyboard also didn’t label the alt or option key, and simply used the symbol instead, and on some Mac keyboards symbols were used exclusively.
This should be particularly helpful information to international users and IT staff who encounter machines from other regions, and to newcomers to the Mac and Apple platforms as well. ⎇

Source Url and Image: Where is the Option Key on Mac Keyboards?
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Thursday, April 14, 2016

How to change the country for your Apple ID, App Store or iTunes Store

Country change
There are a couple of methods to change the region for your Apple ID, but why someone will do that? There could be various reasons that a user may want to change the country for his/her Apple ID. Some of them are as follows;
  • A user has moved to a different country for work or any other purpose
  • You want to download Apps (ex: Spotify), but those are not available for your region
  • You are a developer or blogger, and want the content based on a specific country
Earlier told a method to change the country, but that don’t work any more. Now you have only 2 ways to change the country for Apple ID;
  1. Add or Change Credit Card Detail for Apple ID that should belong to the country you want to switch to. It can be done with existing account
  2. Create a new Apple ID, and select the country of your choice. No payment information required

1. Changing Country Along with Payment Detail

This option is basically for those who have really moved to a different country, but there are still exceptions. Adding Payment information is temporary, and you can remove Credit Card Detail from Apple Account after changing the country. So a temporary working credit card will also do this job. There are some companies that provide Virtual Credit Card, and you can get in touch with them if they can provide a US based card (or the country you want). If they do, you are good to go, because they usually provide Master or Visa card that Apple accepts.
Once you have the Payment Information ready, follow these steps to change the country
Mac Users
  • You can launch iTunes or App store on Mac
  • If using iTunes click on your Name/Apple ID, and Select Account Info
From iTunes
  • If using App Store, click on Account
From App Store
Rest of the steps are same for both
  • Click on Change Country or Region under Account Information Section
Changing Country Apple ID
  • Select the country from drop down list, and click Change
Select Country for Apple ID
  • Now you may get a page where you need to click on continue, and then accept terms and conditions
  • The last step is to provide the valid payment information along with a valid billing address and mobile number. Once you are done you can save it
Note : Changing the country without being their include some risks, like you may not receive sms/verification code via sms from Apple or for Keychain verification in future unless you actually own that mobile number.
iPhone, iPad or iPod Touch Users
  • Launch iTunes Store or App Store
  • Click on your Apple ID at the bottom, and hit View Apple ID, and then Enter Password to manage
Apple ID on iPHone View App ID
  • Now Tap on Country/Region
iPhone Country Option
  • Select Change Country or Region
Change Country from iPhone
  • Rest of the steps are same as on Mac. You need to select the Country you want to choose for your Apple ID, Enter the Payment information, billing address as in new country and save.

2. Create New Apple ID to change country without payment information

You can visit Apple ID creation page, and create a new ID filling the information there. Get the help of Fake ID Generator to find dummy phone number, address and PO Box. While Creating a new ID, you can choose the country of your choice without providing any Payment information. However, keep in mind that such accounts are not secure, and password retrieval, or iCloud verification may be tough or even impossible. It’s better to use such account for testing purpose only, and have a personal valid Apple ID.

Source Url and Image: How to change the country for your Apple ID, App Store or iTunes Store
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